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Pneumonia Treatment

Treatment for pneumonia is designed to cure the infection and prevent any complications. Most people can be treated at home with medication, but more severe cases of pneumonia may require hospitalization.


Ingest plenty of fluids, and get plenty of rest. Be sure to avoid cigarette smoke and other pollutants, such as chemical fumes.


Drugs can treat both the symptoms and the cause of pneumonia:

  • Antibiotics: treat bacterial pneumonia. Different types of antibiotics are used for different types of pneumonia-causing bacteria
  • Fever reducing drugs: ibuprofen, naproxen, aspirin or acetaminophen can ease fevers associated with pneumonia
  • Cough medicines: can ease your cough to allow you to rest

Other Treatments 

In serious cases of pneumonia, treatment in a hospital may be necessary. You may require hospitalization for pneumonia if:

  • You are 65 years of age or older
  • You have become confused or disoriented about time, people, or places
  • You are unable to keep down antibiotics because of nausea and vomiting
  • Your blood pressure drops
  • You are breathing rapidly
  • You need help breathing
  • Your heart rate is below 50 or above 100
  • You have a lower-than-normal temperature

Children with pneumonia may experience more serious symptoms. Children may be admitted to the hospital if:

  • They are younger than 2 months old
  • They have trouble breathing
  • They are abnormally or excessively sleepy
  • They have a lower-than-normal temperature
  • They have low levels of oxygen in the blood
  • They appear dehydrated