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Allergies Treatment

Lifestyle

The best way to reduce the occurrence and seriousness of allergic reactions is to avoid the allergen altogether. There are a number of strategies that can be used to either avoid allergens or reduce symptoms:

  • For mold allergies, dehumidifiers might help by reducing dampness, which leads to mold growth, in the home
  • For animal, mold, dust mite, and rodent allergies, cleaning the home and changing sheets and towels often will help; using good quality air filters can help clean the air inside of the home as well
  • Nasal irrigation (washing out the cavities in the nose by flushing them with a saline solution) may help by getting rid of any allergens that may have stuck to the inside of the nose
  • Medical identification bracelets may be helpful for patients with serious allergies; these bracelets help people around the patient know what is happening and how to assist the patient in the event that the patient is not able to speak during a serious allergic reaction

Medication

Allergies cannot be cured, but many symptoms can be relieved by medications:

  • Antihistamines, nasal sprays, and eye drops may help reduce allergy symptoms. These might be prescribed by a doctor, or bought over the counter
  • Immunotherapy, in the form of injections, may reduce the effects of allergens in the body
  • For serious reactions that involve the whole body, epinephrine can be helpful. If a patient has a serious reaction, a portable epinephrine injection device will be carried in case the patient has another serious reaction

Procedures, Devices & Surgery

The following treatments are recommended for serious allergies:

  • Emergency medical treatment is important for serious allergic reactions; this is because these reactions usually involve the whole body and produce serious symptoms
  • For allergic reactions that cause the throat to swell, a tube may be inserted into the patient’s windpipe to keep it clear and help the patient to breathe